v39: flyttas

Here’s a test for you. Is each of the s-forms in the examples and photos below, passive or deponent?

1. Cyklar flyttas
2. Se och synas
3. …Firefox startas

flyttas
synas
startas

Answers:

1. Cyklar flyttas = Bicycles are being moved. Passive. You might think it is a deponent, and translate as Bicycles are moving, but flyttar means move as in move location. Inanimate objects don’t move of their own accord, they get moved. People, however, can both move and be moved:

Vi flyttas = We are being moved
Vi flyttar = We are moving

flyttar

2. Se och synas = See and appear. Deponent. Optician. Just remember the list of deponent verbs.

3. …Firefox startas = …Firefox is started. Passive. This is a bit trickier, because …Firefox starts is an equally good translation. However, it seems that in Swedish, computer programs (for example) don’t start, they get started.

Enough of s-forms (for now). I hope they’re starting to make a little more sense to you!

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Published in: on November 5, 2010 at 10:05  Comments (3)  
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3 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. Thanks for the great breakdown – but these s-forms still drive me nuts. Sadly, ‘instinct’ isn’t often enough for correct usage

  2. Hej! You´ve not posted for some weeks now…hope you´re doing well!

    Missing your lessons 🙂

    Marilyn

    • I’ve just been travelling, without so much exposure to Swedish… but I’m writing some new material right now. Thanks for your concern!


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